Working Group 6 July Interim Report; Annexe B

Appendix 1

What new changes towards net zero are being implemented already?

Last updated: 05 July 2022

Table 1. Summary of responses: What new changes towards net zero are being implemented already? (Inside your sector)




Farmers & Veterinary Surgeon


Farming methods

  • Soil Management
    • Improving nutrients
    • Increase carbon sequestration
    • Offsetting carbon pollution through NPP
  • Manure management
    • Anaerobic digestion
  • Animal husbandry
    • Improving utilisation of feed
    • Improve fertility
    • Improve genetics
  • Changes to procurement practices


  • Regenerative farming techniques
    • No/minimal till
    • Cover crops and nitrogen fixing crops
    • Mixed rotations which include livestock
    • Nutrient management
    • Hedgerow and woodland management
  • Productivity improvements
    • Animal and plant health
    • Basic knowledge exchange
    • Improved genetics
    • Energy efficiency
    • Precision farming 
    • Nutrition
    • Reproduction
  • Precision agriculture
  • Regenerative farming
    • Reduced inputs
    • Investments in Anaerobic Digestor plants
    • Soil
    • Afforestation
  • Irrigation
  • Production efficiency on farm
    • Whole carcass utilisation in processing
  • Improve the genetic potential of farmed crops and animals to include sustainability traits in new varieties and breeds.



  • Green energy
    • Closer connectivity between heating and cooling systems
    • Renewable energy
    • Changing energy grid
    • Enhanced efficiency in existing systems through energy conservation, monitoring and utilisation
  • Crop breeding
    • Low energy rice and grain processing, potential for 90% energy reduction.
  • Green energy
    • Removal of coal and fossil fuels
    • Renewable sources
    • Solar panels
    • Electric vehicles
  • Energy use reduction


  • Green energy
    • Through anaerobic digestion
    • On-site renewable sources
  • Green energy
    • On-site renewable sources
    • Energy efficiency
    • Renewable sources
    • More efficient heating and cooling technology
    • Electrify equipment
    • Light Emitting Diodes (LED) lighting
  • Energy minimisation


Farming inputs

  • Integrated pest management (IPM)
  • Targeted pesticide and agrochemical use.


  • Alterations to fertiliser practises
    • Move from inorganic to organic fertilisers
    • Abated fertiliser due to supply in the UK
    • Reduced reliance on ammonium nitrate fertiliser
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
  • Reduced reliance of Plant Protection Product (PPP)
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
  • The advent of biopesticides

Land use

  • Environmental Land Management (ELM)
  • Trials associated with soil carbon


  • Land use change
  • Planting woody biomass


Consumer diet change


  •  Protein self sufficiency
  • Use of alternatives to imported protein sources.



  • Diet change
    • Eat less red meat and shift to plant-based foods
    • Non-animal-based protein sources
    • Meat and dairy substitutes



  • Food waste reduction
  • Waste reduction and management
    • Zero waste to landfill
  • Water recycling and reduction.


  • Up-cycling of food waste




  • Food packaging material and weight changes.
  • Packaging materials 
    • Net impact is negative as packaging protects and preserves products through the supply chain and the product loss that it prevents has a greater Greenhouse Gas (GHG) footprint than packaging itself.
    • Media and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) driven reduction of packaging (particularly substitution of plastics packaging by alternative materials) will increase GHG impact and must "follow the science" not rhetoric.
    • Including recycled content into primary food packaging.
    • Shift to recyclable petroleum based or biobased packaging materials.


  • Packaging reduction
  • Removal of single use plastics




  • Measuring of parameters
  • Complete carbon footprints on-farm
  • Benchmarking
  • Industry data collection and performance tracking, Climate Change Agreements (CCA) sector etc.
  • Better traceability
  • Improved measurements of emissions.



  • Improved manufacturing efficiency
  • Reduce rejection and reduce rework and achieve zero waste
  • Deforestation policies among manufacturers


  • Deforestation avoidance




  • Innovation
  • Increased use of high-tech production systems (glasshouses, Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA), hydroponics)
  • Blockchain
  • Glycol refrigeration






  • Electric vehicles in supply chain

Processing methods




  • New processing opportunities





  • Shelf-life extension





  • Members delivering retail customers' commitments