Working Group 6 July Interim Report; Annexe B

Appendix 3

Are there other changes (at any stage of development) aimed at achieving net zero that you expect to make an impact? What are they?

Last updated: 05 July 2022

Table 3. Summary of responses: Are there other changes (at any stage of development) aimed at achieving net zero that you expect to make an impact?  What are they?






Farmers & veterinary surgeon


Farming methods

  • Gene editing
  • For crop and livestock resilience
  • Livestock and rumen microbes as part of the pangenome approach
  • Land use
  • Balance between for agriculture and for carbon storage
  • Supply shed natural climate solutions
  • Novel carbon-storing soil amendments (biochar, enhanced rock weathering)
  • Alternatives to the Haber bosch process
  • Controlled environment farming (urban)



  • Green energy
  • Bioenergy with carbon capture and storage - not in the food system, but uses land so will affect the food system
  • Replace water heated, jacketed pipework with lower energy electrical systems
  • Solar powered thermally efficient systems working at the 50-95 degree Celsius range.
  • Energy reduction
  • Green energy
  • Governmental support for the development of new sustainable energy technologies to replace hydrocarbon use
  • Clean hydrogen instead of methane as a gas supply.
  • Fusion



  • Green energy
  • Electrification
  • Decarbonisation of crop systems grown in poly tunnels
  • Hydrogen economy investment by government
  • Carbon credits for soil sequestration






  • Government investment
  • Adoption of the National Food Strategy


  • Shorter supply chains
  • Reduced car use post Covid; reduced flying.


  • Move to predominantly sea freighted / road transported imported produce away from Air freight.
  • Vehicle electrification

Consumer diet change



  • Public attitude and education, cultured meat expansion and acceptance and fermented meat substitutes expansion and acceptance.
  • Reducing import of animal protein from high Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emission intensity systems
  • 'Quality not quantity' changes in consumer eating habits.
  • Consumer being part of solution
  • Novel foods
  • Alternative protein production



  • Development of circular economy principles to utilise waste streams



  • Conversion or reduction of food waste
  • Into 'fertiliser' at scale
  • Valorisation of side streams
  • Reducing food waste
  • Recycling polypropylene





  • Bio-based materials in long-lived consumer and construction products




  • Better diagnostics and analytical approaches
  • Measuring baselines on farm
  • Measurement and monitoring of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and environmental performance



  • Robotics, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) developments on farm and in factory environment (Industry 4.0).